Document Type : Research paper


1 King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India

2 Department of Psychiatry, Enam Medical College and Hospital

3 Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)

4 Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal

5 Divisional Railway Hospital, Asansol, Eastern Railway, India

6 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

7 Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, U.P., India.


Koro is a culture-bound syndrome that primarily affects males of China, South Asia, and Africa. Our objective was to perform a bibliometric analysis of available published literature on Koro, till date
The SCOPUS database was searched, from inception, for publications on Koro using a combination of terms "Koro Syndrome" OR "Genital Retraction”. Available articles were screened to identify the relevant articles.
A total of 62 relevant articles were found in the SCOPUS database and included in the study. Majority (n=46;74.2%) of these were original articles. Medicine (n=61;98%) followed by Psychology (n=8; 12.9%) were the common originating specialties for research on Koro. The oldest publication was in 1973; maximum publications were in 1990 (9.68 %, n=6) followed by in the year 2005 (8.06%, n=5). The British Journal of Psychiatry published maximum articles on Koro (n=6). Culture Medicine and Psychiatry, Journal of Urology and Medicine Clinica had 3(4.8%) publications each. One hundred and thirty-one authors from 67 institutes and twenty-four countries contributed to research output on Koro; of them, most publications were from the United States of America (n=10).
Although "Koro" is a well-known entity, the number of publications on Koro is scarce, sporadic, and not globally representative.


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