Online ISSN: 2451-4950

Keywords : eating disorders


Eating disorders, risk and management: a personal journey and a South African and African perspective

Christopher Paul Szabo

GLOBAL PSYCHIATRY, 2019, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 121-134
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/gp-2019-0017

Eating disorders are amongst the most, disabling and lethal of psychiatric conditions. These conditions affect predominantly adolescent and young adult females, but not exclusively so. Whilst stereotypically diagnosed in western, urban societies their emergence in a range of population groups beyond the aforementioned has challenged the stereotype – no more so than in South Africa where eating disorders had not been diagnosed in black, female South Africans until the 1990s. Creating awareness of the changing demographic profile and thus risk was critical in ensuring appropriate diagnosis and management. Whilst this was a key feature of my personal journey there were numerous other aspects of risk explored for the development of eating disorders, as well as management, which will be highlighted and discussed in the paper. This has been especially relevant within the South African context.









 

Facial emotion recognition performance influences executive control impairment in Anorexia Nervosa: an exploratory study

Giuseppe Carrà; Giulia Brambilla; Manuela Caslini; Francesca Parma; Alessandro Chinello; Francesco Bartoli; Cristina Crocamo; Luigi Zappa; Costanza Papagno

GLOBAL PSYCHIATRY, 2018, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 53-60
DOI: 10.2478/gp-2018-0008

Objectives
Since evidence on executive control among women with Anorexia or Bulimia Nervosa (AN/BN) are somehow inconclusive, we aimed to explore whether performance in set-shifting in AN/BN might be influenced by Facial Emotion Recognition (FER).


Methods
We randomly recruited women with a diagnosis of AN or BN, from an Eating Disorders Outpatient Clinic in Italy, as well as healthy controls (HCs). We evaluated with established tools: diagnosis (Eating Disorder Examination- EDE-17.0), executive control (Intra-Extra Dimensional Set Shift-IED) and FER (Ekman 60 Faces Test-EK-60F). Univariate distributions by diagnostic subgroups were assessed on sociodemographic and clinical variables, which were selected for subsequent multiple linear regression analyses.


Results
Women with AN performed significantly worse than HCs on IED adjusted total errors. HCs scored significantly better than AN and BN on EK-60F fear subscale. Although IED set shifting was associated (p = 0.008) with AN, after controlling for age, EK-60F fear subscale, alexithymia and depression (i.e., clinically relevant covariates identified a priori from the literature, or associated with AN/BN at univariate level), this association could not be confirmed.


Conclusions
Impaired executive control may not be a distinctive feature in women with AN, since several clinical characteristics, including fear recognition ability, are likely to have an important role. This has significant implications for relevant interventions in AN, which should aim at also improving socio-emotional processing.